The Role of Nanowires in Advancing X-Ray Imaging

by Mohammed Arafat

Monday 17th of January 2022

The Role of Nanowires in Advancing X-Ray Imaging

The wavelength of visible light ranges from 400 to 700 nm in the visible spectrum. X-rays are considered high-energy with a wavelength of less than 0.0110 nm (100,000 eV), invisible to humans. At present, high-intensity radiation methods are much needed, so the development of new methods is important. Some of the traditional methods include X-ray films, phosphor-based machines, semiconductor-based machines, and gas-based machines.

Many researches were conducted in the last decade about the prospect of semiconductor nanowires (NWs) as an integral part of nanoscale devices and electrical circuits. Three different aspects of the NWs have encouraged previous research.

Second, their high local content enhances their contact with nature, making them more sensitive. The elastic deformation relaxation in the external environment also empowers the formation of new heterostructures that are impossible in planar geometry. Finally, their properties are strongly influenced by their shape, which makes them suitable for use as polarization-dependent sensors.

Materials used for X-ray imaging can be prepared as nanoparticles, nanocomposites or transparent nanoceramics. Using these items for x-ray imaging has different effects; some of which are:

Quantum Confinement Effect

More impact

Structure Effect

The Role of Nanowires

The use of synchrotron-based sensors in the cross-energy spectrum has many potential and offers a variety of benefits, including depth of soil information, element and orbital clarity, and rapid detection of K-absorbing edges and X-ray fluorescence exit methods, medium, and simple elements.

As a result, current forms of synchrotron radiation, such as X-ray microdiffraction techniques, have played a major role in the rapid evolution of nanowire technology. In addition, lens methods were used to analyze ZnO NWs using Bragg coherent diffraction imaging.

The ability to track full stress tensors in 3D with nanometric accuracy has the potential to be very useful in studying complex nanostructures. However, there are a few major drawbacks in this case, because the information related to the NW event is limited.

Most synchrotron processes are now done in NW frameworks, with data obtained at a local scale on large scales. 

The use of nanomaterials for X-ray detection is limited compared to other nanomaterial applications. Exciting techniques, scintillator novel materials, and the actual use of chemicals are all involved in X-ray detection research using nanomaterials.

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